Beijing Capital International Airport Guide
Beijing Capital International Airport Introduction
Beijing Capital International Airport is located in northeast of Beijing, capital of People's Republic of China, and 25.35km from the Tiananmen Square, center of Beijing city. It is not only an aviation gateway of Beijing and a window for international communication, but also a radial center for China civil aviation network, featured in a large-scale international airport, with most important location, biggest scale, fullest facilities and busiest transportation in China.
Beijing Capital International Airport, under the administrative control of Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC), officially opened on March 02nd 1958. With the development of civil aviation business and the increasing volume of passenger and cargo transportation, it was expanded in large scale. The Passenger Terminal 1, covering an area of 60,000m2, and auxiliary facilities, including parking apron and car parks, officially put into service on January 01st 1980. Terminal 1 was designed to serve 60 flights daily and 1,500 passengers at peak hours. The facilities at flight areas of the expanded Beijing Capital International Airport was meeting the 4E standards required by International Civil Aviation Organization.
With the continuous growth of quantity of international airlines to Beijing and the density of international flights, the Terminal was enlarged again from October 1995 to November 1999. The Terminal 2, covering an area of 336,000m2 and equipped with state-of-the-art facilities, officially went into operation on November 01st 1999. Terminal 2 is able to handle 26,500,000 passengers yearly and 9,210 passengers at peak hours.
Due to the excellent geographic location and service facilities at Beijing Capital International Airport, 66 domestic and foreign airline companies are participating in the operational business, including 11 domestic companies and 55 foreign companies. More than 5,000 scheduled flights are available to 88 cities in China and 69 cities abroad.
Offical website of Beijing Capital International Airport: http://en.bcia.com.cn/
History of Beijing Capital International Airport
Beijing Airport was opened on March 2, 1958, and was the first in the People's Republic of China. The airport consisted of one small terminal building, which still stands to this day, apparently for the use of VIPs and charter flights. On January 1, 1980, a newer, larger building -- green in colour -- opened, with docks for 10–12 airplanes. The terminal was larger than the 1950s one, but by the mid 1990s it was too small. The terminal was then closed for renovation after the opening of Terminal 2.
In late 1999, to mark the 50th anniversary of the founding of the PRC, the airport was expanded again. This new terminal opened on November 1, and was named Terminal 2. September 20, 2004, saw the opening of a new Terminal 1 for a few airlines, including China Southern Airlines domestic and international flights from Beijing. Other airlines' domestic and international flights still operate in Terminal 2.
Another expansion, terminal 3 (T3) was completed in February 2008, in time for the Beijing Olympics. This colossal expansion includes a third runway and another terminal for Beijing airport, and a rail link to the city centre. It will become one of the largest airports in the world in terms of land size, and a major landmark in Beijing representing the growing and developing Chinese city.
International Departure Hall Terminal 2. Also serving flights to Taiwan, Hong Kong and MacauOn January 29, 2005, direct flights between Mainland China and Taiwan via the areas over Hong Kong and Macao took place after 56 years, mainly to allow families and relatives on the two sides of the strait to get together for Chinese New Year. Flying to Taiwan were planes from Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou. This became known as a part of the Three Links.
The United States' Department of Transportation, in coordination with China's Civil Aviation Administration, have approved several U.S. carriers to fly routes between the countries. The coordination has been the work of several bilateral civilian air agreements, including the most recent one signed in 2004 that paved the way for the number of daily flights between China and the United States to increase by five-fold.
The third runway of BCIA opened on October 29, 2007 to relieve congestion on the other two runways.
Due to the rapid growth of passenger and traffic movements and the limited space for expansion, and since 10,000 people had seen their homes destroyed for Terminal 3 and the new metro line, the Airport authority plans to build a new airport within Beijing, to begin construction in 2010 and finish at 2015, however, it will not affect Beijing Capital International Airport. From 2000 Beijing Capital International Airport handled 21.7 million passengers, ranking 42nd in the world and in 2006, it handled 48.5 million passengers, jumping from 42nd place to 9th place in only 6 years.